The OAF Blog

Long Term Capital for an Arts Organization

June 18, 2012

Behind all arts programs and performances, lies the challenge for arts organizations of having financial stability in a continuing volatile economy. Should this take the form of a ‘reserve’ or longer term capital fund (‘endowment’). A reserve is attractive as the fund has flexibility and remains available to the organization at the discretion of the Board. An endowment has a long term focus, providing the security of an expected income, available to the organization without restriction and governed externally.

For the Executive Director or Board member, it is critical to think through the purpose of long term funds, who will decide how capital is to be managed and accessed. As an organization, you should understand your donors, what motivates their decisions to provide annual financial support and longer term gifts. At the end of the day, the yield from an operating surplus, reserve or endowment provides the means to help you ensure artistic vision and creative programming can continue.

 

Change Capital

A new dynamic phrase is emerging in the USA – ‘change capital’. This refers to financial support that supports improvements in the quality or efficiency of the arts organization’s programs, supports growth or ‘right sizing’ of an organization and enables the organization to take risks, innovate and remain vibrant. Characteristics of change capital are three fold:

      • Funding is separate from regular earned or contributed revenue, and typically is received during a limited time frame

 

      • Flexibility – how the organizations spends the funding is of lesser importance than what it achieves – does the use allow the arts organization to enhance how arts programming is delivered or build efficiency into its operating model

 

      • Is the result increasing and reliable revenue that creates operating surpluses

  

Each form of capital – reserve fund, endowment and change capital have a place to help fund improvements in efficiency and quality of programming. They help to align the size and fixed costs of an organization with its sources of revenue (‘right sizing’) and are tools to help arts organizations take risks, be innovative and pursue new visions. A series of papers on capitalization of the arts that speak to this topic and illustrate how arts organizations put them to use can be found through the website of GrantMakers in the Arts – www.giarts.org – National Capitalization Project. All are worth reading, and the NonProfit Finance Fund paper titled “Case for Change Capital in the Arts” expands on the concept of change capital.  

 

 

2017

2016

Summer Travels - 2016

September 01, 2016

Taxing Endowment ?

May 25, 2016

2015

Ontario's Culture Strategy

November 25, 2015

Arts and Aging

June 30, 2015

Getting Capital Right

April 02, 2015

Arts Advocacy - 2015

February 23, 2015

2014

Canadian Women in Philanthropy

November 05, 2014

Dialogue on Capitalization

October 08, 2014

2013

Tax Changes to Be Aware Of

August 26, 2013

2012


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